Spartak Moscow is one of the most high-profile clubs in the Russian Federation and they regularly qualify for the UEFA Champions League. However, until recently, the club has never owned its own stadium.
AECOM was appointed in early 2010 to design and manage the delivery of a new 43,000-seat stadium, which became an integral part of Russia’s successful bid for the 2018 FIFA World Cup™.
Our architects and engineers worked to ensure that international best practice and demanding local environmental and regulatory challenges were met.
Intimate fan experience
The design is dominated by the stadium bowl and a consolidated VIP zone. The aim was to produce a tight, efficient bowl which would create an intimate fan experience, and be highly cost-effective to build. A two-tier rectilinear design, which places fans as close as possible to the pitch, was chosen to generate an intense atmosphere and contribute to the team’s home field advantage. The VIP boxes, banqueting suites and Presidential lounges are all banked together over three floors on one side of the stadium, a direct response to the Russian tradition of hospitality and networking.
Designing for extremes
Designing for the extremes of Moscow’s weather on structures of this scale is particularly challenging. Snowfalls in Moscow are very high; the snow freezes onto roof structures throughout the winter and the weight builds up as rain and meltwater is trapped within it through the daily freeze-thaw cycle. A further critical aspect is allowing for movements due to thermal effects.
Moscow is subject to an extreme temperature range — from -40˚C in winter to 40˚Cs in summer — and the roof has been designed to breathe to accommodate these thermal movements. Cost effective, lighter and simpler construction To minimize the size of structural members and reduce the self-weight of the roof, a series of water-flume modeling tests of the snow drift distribution on the roof were conducted.
This enabled the design of the roof to be based on a more accurate understanding of the actual roof loadings. Coupled with advanced parametric design techniques to optimise the structural design, the resulting interlocking roof truss solution is highly cost effective.
It is significantly lighter than other similar sized stadium roof structures in the region, yet relatively simple to construct.